J. Multidiscip. Res. Healthcare

Influence of Peer Pressure as a Determinant of Premarital Sexual Behaviour among Senior Secondary School Students in Kaduna State, Nigeria

O L Badaki and M F Adeola

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Influence, Peer pressure, Determinants, Premarital, Sexual Behaviour

PUBLISHER The Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access at www.chitkara.edu.in/ Publications

This study investigated peer pressure influence on premarital sexual behaviour of senior secondary school students in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The population for the study comprised students in public senior secondary schools in the twenty-three Local Government Areas of Kaduna State. Simple random sampling was used to select Kaduna North senatorial zones from the three existing zones in Kaduna State. Nine schools from thirty-two senior secondary schools were randomly selected. The population of senior secondary schools in Kaduna North zone was 5,730 in 2010/2011. 50% (2,865) of the population was used as sample size. A total number of 1,655 males and 1,210 female students were used. In each of the nine (9) schools, 319 copies of questionnaire were administered to the Students using simple random sampling technique. The data collected were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean, and standard deviation. The hypothesis was tested using one sample Z-test at 0.05 level of significance. It was found that, there is significant influence of peer pressure on premarital sexual behaviour among senior secondary school students in Kaduna State, Nigeria. It was recommended, that Kaduna State Ministry of Education to intensify awareness programme on premarital sexual behaviour through workshops or seminars for the students on how to deal with peer pressure, and other social pressures that may lead to sexual intercourse.


Premarital sexual behaviour commonly found among the adolescents was linked to peer’s influence primarily through relationships, communications, interactions, connections and control within peer groups. Social interactions with peers often expose adolescent students to the cultural norms and values that are more likely to facilitate premarital sexual behaviour [15].

Furthered that peer influence is stronger in males than females because males usually initiate love or sex and also appear to be freer than girls to live on their own and, most likely, to experiment with sex. Almost half of the adolescents in a survey in Mongolia claimed to have received their sexuality information from friends [15]. [5] was of the view that, the measure of peer sexual experience that were common among the adolescents indicated a strong peer influence such that those whose peers were thought to have had sexual experience have themselves had premarital sex than those whose peers have not had such an experience.

According to [7], there has been a typically shift of adolescent students in their sphere of influence from parents to their peers. His study further showed that peers played an important role in influencing the lives of students concerning decisions on premarital sexual behaviour. The effects in peer sexual behaviour increase the likelihood of students engaging in premarital sexual behaviour because, peer role is known to change personality, attitude and behaviour of students [11]. Evidence shows that in all societies, peer sexual behaviour is a model for individual behaviour and this is certainly true in matters of sexuality among adolescents. Sometimes peer pressure upon a person can lead him or her to engage in premarital sexual behaviour through associated behaviour such as drinking of alcohol and visiting commercial sex workers [12]. [10] discovered in their study that, adolescent students who sought information from their peers were sexually experienced compared to those who sought information from parents, teachers and other sources such as media, religious centers, and adults, etc. They further observed that most friends in the social context of Nigeria students would likely respect the final choice of their peers to engage in premarital sexual behaviour than that of their parents. In a study conducted by [6]; [13] among adolescents in a slum setting and the surrounding rural areas in India, discovered that the level of self-confidence and peer interaction were significantly associated with reports of experiences of romantic and premarital sex [17] in their study found that adolescents who reported having been influenced by friends to engage in premarital sexual behaviour were low in percentage (30%). This finding seems to contradict the view that adolescents are under great pressure from their friends or peers to engage in premarital sexual behaviour as expressed in various studies. It was observed that, for adolescent students in most developing countries, information on sexual matters comes either from their peers, who may be equally uninformed or incorrectly informed and are likely to be relatively inexperienced, or from the media, which tends to represent sexual and gender stereotypes and extremes [16]. This background thus led to research on the influence of peer pressure as a determinant of premarital sexual behaviour among senior secondary school students in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Page(s) 151–159
URL http://dspace.chitkara.edu.in/jspui/bitstream/123456789/673/1/32012_JMRH_Badaki.pdf
ISSN Print : 2393-8536, Online : 2393-8544
DOI http://doi.org/10.15415/jmrh.2017.32012

The outcome of the study shows that, peer pressure as one of the major factors that influence premarital sexual behaviour among senior secondary school students in Kaduna State was highly significant. In other word, respondents were able to establish strong link between peer pressure and premarital sexual behaviour.

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